Here is an overview of what it takes to obtain an instrument rating.
⬜ Minimum of private pilot certificate and third-class medical (or greater)
⬜ Read, speak, write, and understand English
⬜ 70% or better score on FAA instrument pilot knowledge test
Minimum Aeronautical Experience
⬜ 50 hours of cross country flight time as PIC
⬜ 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time that includes at least –
⬜ 15 hours of dual training with an authorized instructor (CFII)
⬜ An approved basic aviation training device (BATD) may be used to log a maximum of 10 hours of dual training towards the rating. An approved advanced aviation training device (AATD) may be used to log a maximum of 20 hours of dual training towards the rating.
⬜ Must make at least one cross-country flight performed under IFR at least 250 NM along airways or ATC-directed routing and includes an instrument approach at each airport, performing a total of three different kinds of instrument approaches.
⬜ 3 hours of practical test prep flights within the preceding 2
calendar months with a CFII
Taken from 14 CFR 61.65 – Aeronautical Experience