Here is an overview of what it takes to become a commercial pilot. (ASEL)
⬜ Valid private pilot certificate and third-class medical (or greater – a second-
class medical is required to exercise commercial privileges once you pass your checkride).
⬜ At least 18 years old
⬜ Read, speak, write, and understand English
⬜ 70% or better score on commercial pilot knowledge test
Minimum Aeronautical Experience
⬜ 250 hours of flight time, including at least
⬜ 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes
⬜ 100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time, which includes at least –
⬜ 50 hours in airplanes
⬜ 50 hours cross-country flight (10 hrs. or more in airplanes)
⬜ 20 hours of training on the areas of operation in §61.127(b)(1) that
includes at least –
⬜ 10 hours of instrument training using a view-limiting device including attitude instrument flying, partial panel skills, recovery from unusual flight attitudes, and intercepting and tracking navigational systems. (5 of the 10 hours must be in SEL airplanes)
⬜ 10 hours of training in a complex aircraft (retractable landing gear, flaps, and controllable pitch propeller) or turbine powered or TAA.
⬜ One 2-hour day XC flight in a single engine airplane, w/ total straight-line distance of more than 100nm from original point of departure.
⬜ One 2-hour night XC flight in a single engine airplane, w/ total straight-line distance of more than 100nm from original point of departure.
⬜ 3 hours of practical test prep flights within the preceding 2
calendar months with a CFI
⬜ 10 hours of solo flight time in a single engine airplane OR 10 hours of flight time performing the duties of PIC in a single engine airplane w/ a CFI on board, including –
⬜ One XC flight of not less than 300nm total distance, with landings at a minimum of three points, one of which is a straight-line distance of at least 250 nautical miles from the original departure point.
⬜ 5 hours night VFR w/ 10 takeoffs and 10 landings (each with a flight in the traffic pattern), at an airport w/ an operating control tower
Taken from 14 CFR 61.129 – Aeronautical Experience